Home - Pilgrimage Destinations in India(Hindus andikhs)

Pilgrimage Destinations in India(Hindus andikhs)

India is considered to be the 'Land of Spirituality'. The most popular form of tourism in India is the pilgrimage tourism, as Indians have the deep faith in God. The Pilgrimage Destinations in India attracts not only Indians but also the foreign tourists.



The foreigners are attracted to Pilgrimage Destinations of India to study the strong belief on the Indian on these places as well as the adventure involved in reaching these places. Some of the Pilgrimage Destinations of Hindus and Sikhs in India are located on the mountaintops where accessibility is tough and difficult. The tourist traffic to the Pilgrimage Destinations in India reaches to its optimum level during the summer season and minimum during the winters.

Pilgrimage Destinations for Hindus in India

Amarnath Caves

Amarnath Cave is situated on the Mount Amarnath at an altitude of 5,486m above the sea level. Because of its height, the cave is covered with snow for most part of the year. The snow melts down during the months of July-August, which is also the time for the pilgrimage. The people pay obeisance to the Shiva lingam made of ice, which attains the maximum height on the full moon night in the month of Shravan (August). The route to the caves is a long trek from Pahalgam to the Amarnath Caves. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva told the secret of creation to Parvati in a cave in Amarnath. A pair of mating doves, unknown to them, eavesdropped their conversation. After learning the secret, they are born again and again and have made the cave their eternal abode.

Vaishno Devi

Vaishno Devi is one of the most revered Hindu pilgrimage centers. It is calmly nestled in the laps of the Trikuta Hills at an altitude of 5,200 ft above the sea level 61 km from Jammu. One has to take a 14 km long trek from Katra to reach the shrine. Within the cave are idols of three deities: Mahakali, Mahalakshmi and Mahasaraswati. Thousands of people pay visit to the holy shrine all the year round.

Kedarnath and Badrinath

Kedarnath, one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva in India, is perched at an altitude of 3,584 m above the sea level at the mouth of the river Mandakini. Situated at the Rudraprayag district in the Garhwal region of Uttaranchal, it is one of the most venerated pilgrim place for the Hindus. According to Hindu mythology, in order to wash off their sins of killing their own brothers in the battle of Kurukshetra, the Pandavas wanted to seek the blessings of the Lord Shiva. But Lord Shiva eluded them and took the form of a bull. When Pandavas followed him to Kedarnath, he plunged into the ground leaving behind his hump on the surface. This hump is worshipped as lingam at the temple. Located on the banks of the Alaknanda River at Chamoli district in Garhwal region of Uttaranchal is the Badrinath Temple. The temple lies at an altitude of 3,133 m and can be dated back to the Vedic times. According to Hindu faith, Adi Guru Shankaracharya constructed the temple and also established a math over here. Both the place remained close from November to April due to heavy snowfall. The temples open for pilgrims from end of May till Diwali. A large number of pilgrims visit both the temples every year. The 14 km trek to Kedarnath is difficult and begins at Gauri Kund, which is the last stop for the vehicle.

Somnath

Somnath is situated 25 km from Chorwad at Saurashtra in Gujarat. It is also called the Eternal Shrine, as it was attacked several time but it withstood all the shocks of the time. The Somnath Temple is also revered as one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of lord Shiva. According to Hindu mythology, the Moon God or Soma Dev and his consort Rohini worshipped the Sparsha Lingam, the presiding deity of the temple, to free himself from the curse of his father-in-law, Daksha Prajapati. Lord Shiva, pleased with his penance, restored his light for half of the month. Since the then, the deity here is known as Someshwar or Somnath, Lord of the Moon. It is also believed that Soma Deva originally built the Somnath Temple of gold, Ravana rebuilt it with silver, Krishna with wood and king Bhimdev Solanki in stone in the 10th century.

Kamakhya Temple

The Kamakhya Temple is situated over the Neelachala Hill at Guwahati in Assam. It is one of the most venerated Shakti Peeths in India. Kamakhya means the 'Granter of the Desires'. According to Hindu mythology, following the self-immolation of Sati in Daksha's sacrificial fire and the Rudra Tandava of Shiva, Lord Vishnu disintegrated the parts of Sati's body with his chakra, which fell at several places throughout India. These places are venerated as Shakti Peeths. The reproductive organ or the Yoni of Sati is believed to have fallen here.

Jagannath Puri

Raja Ananta Varman Chodaganga Deva constructed the celebrated Jagannath Temple at Puri in the 12th century AD. The Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra are deities within the temple carved on the Margosa wood. The Jagannath Temple, also known as the White Pagoda, is situated with in a huge complex. The temple is 200 ft high and dominates the Puri skyline. The Chariot Festival or the Rath Yatra is the most famous festival of the Jagannath Puri and is attended by thousands of pilgrims.

Rameshwaram

Rameshwaram in Tamil Nadu is an important Hindu pilgrimage center. It is also one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of India. The presiding deity of the temple is the lingam of Sri Ranganatha. It is believed that the visit to Rameshwaram is mandatory to attain salvation or moksha. According to Hindu mythology, Ram performed thanksgiving ritual to Lord Shiva at this place.

Pilgrimage Destinations for Sikhs in India

Golden Temple

The Golden Temple, situated at Amritsar in Punjab, is the most sacred pilgrimage place for the Sikhs. Traditionally known as Harmandir Sahib, which actually means the temple of Hari or the Supreme God, it became famous as the Golden Temple or Swarna Mandir because the exterior of the gurudwara is plated with gold. The temple stands in the middle of a square tank called the Pool of Nectar over which a causeway leads to the temple.

Anandpur Sahib

Anandpur Sahib or 'The Holy City of Bliss' is located on the lower reaches of the Himalayas amidst scenic beauty with the river Satluj flowing close by in the district of Ropar in Punjab. It is one of the most important pilgrimage centers of the Sikhs. It has close association with the religious traditions and history of the Sikhs. The ninth Guru, Sri Guru Teg Bahadur, founded Anandpur Sahib in the year 1664 near the ruins of an ancient place, Makhowal. The Takht Sahib is a square hall with a balcony in front overlooking a spacious courtyard on a lower level. Every year, during the month of March the festival of Hola Mohalla is celebrated with great zeal and splendor.

Har Mandir Sahib

Guru Gobind Singh born on 22nd December 1666 at Patna in Bihar and spent his childhood here before moving to Anandpur. Patna is also a revered place because both, Guru Nanak and Guru Teg Bahadur, visited it. The Harmandir Takht is considered as the second holiest Takht and the Sikhs called this place as Patna Sahib. Salis Rai Johri, a great devotee of Guru Nanak, converted his magnificent mansion into a dharamshala or a rest house where Guru Teg Bahadur also stayed. Later, the holy shrine of Harmandir Sahib was built over this place. Maharaja Ranjit Singh started the reconstruction of the Harmandir in 1839 following destruction by fire but did not survive to see the new structure.

Hazoor Sahib

Hazoor Sahib is situated on the banks of Godavari at Nanded in Maharashtra. It is the place where Guru Gobind Singh left this world for his journey towards heaven with his dog Dilbagh. The inner room of the temple is called Angitha Sahib and Takht Sachkhand Sri Hazoor Abchalnagar Sahib is the principal shrine at Nanded. It marks the site where the Guru had his camp in 1708 AD after the departure of the emperor Bahadur Shah. It is one of them most sacred pilgrimage for the Sikhs.

Damdama Sahib

Talwandi Sabo, also known as Guru Ki Kashi, is now famous as Damdama Sahib. The place is venerated by the Sikhs because Guru Gobind Singh arrived here on 20th January 1706 and stayed for two days outside the village. Guru preached complete sacrifice of personal and family interests at the altar of the good of mankind at Damdama Sahib. Guru Gobind Singh had come to Talwandi Sabo at the request of Bhai Dala, a devoted follower and the Chief of Brar Jats of Malwa. Bhai Dala was so much in love with the place so much that he stayed here for more than nine months. During his stay, the place was became the abode of the Khalsa.

 

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